Fascism is a mass political movement that emphasizes extreme nationalism, militarism, and the supremacy of both the nation and the single, powerful leader over the individual citizen.
In simpler terms, Fascism means a system of government led by a dictator who rules by force, deliberately suppressing opposition and criticism, who heads all sectors and controls the entire affair of a state.
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There have been records of fascist leaders in Africa, who mismanaged economic resources, political suppression, human right abuses and ethnic killings.
Here are some African fascists:
- Idi Amin Dada Oumee: Idi Amin was a military officer and served as the third Ugandan president from 1971 to 1979. He reportedly ruled as a military dictator. Human rights groups and international observers estimated between 100,000 to 500,000 people were killed while he was in power.
2. Francisco Macias Nguema:
Francisco was the first Equatoguinean president from the independence era from 1968 till he was overthrown in 1979. Based on sources, his government killed 50,000 to 80,000 of the estimated 400,000 people living in the country.
3. Mengistu Haile Mariam:
Mengistu is an Ethiopian politician and former army officer who was Ethiopian head of state from 1971 to 1991. Mengistu’s government was responsible for the death of 2,000,000 Ethiopians.
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