Nigeria is Africa’s most populated country and the world’s sixth most populous country. The proliferating population has resulted in a series of new issues, including environmental deterioration and traffic congestion in major cities.
As the country celebrates her independence, these are some of the issues she’s still facing and will need a very good leader or government to eradicate or face off.Ethnicity
Nigeria, Africa’s colossus, is the world’s most populated black country. Nigeria has a population of around 180 million people. The country’s population is diverse, with over 250 ethnic groups represented. Nigeria’s multi-ethnic character has many advantages as well as disadvantages – ethnicity issues in Nigeria.The Problem Of Amalgamation
The British colonial authorities constructed Nigeria as a geographical place to make administration easier. Despite being neighbours, the mostly Muslim north and predominantly Christian south were never united until 1914. Some of the current conflicts in the country may be traced back to this forced union.Inequality
This is due to the government’s and its agencies’ apparent favouring of people or regions belonging to one tribe over another. There is an unspoken belief that the ethnic majority dominate the affairs of the country, which makes minorities feel like second-class citizens in their own country, not for any fault of their own, but just because they are few.The problem of Internal Land Conflicts
Land ownership disputes have frequently caused conflicts among Nigerians. Border settlement inside the country is still a work in progress. Many lives have been sacrificed as a result of land ownership disputes, and many more are likely to be lost until these concerns are resolved once and for all.Corruption
Many of Nigeria’s issues are caused by corruption. Corruption manifests itself in a variety of ways and infiltrates all political and economic organizations. It is heartbreaking to learn that the government, which was established to strengthen the country and combat corruption, is taking from its citizens.Terrorism
Terrorism is a major concern in Nigeria daily. The daily massacres, kidnappings, and rape carried out by Boko Haram throughout the country are quite concerning. Nigeria was rated fourth in the world with the most international war deaths in 2016, according to the Global Peace Index. But as it stands now they’re no longer called book haram but they appear as unknown gunmen or bandits.Unemployment
In Nigeria, unemployment is spreading like a virus. Due to the economic recession, there has been a high rate of unemployment; no jobs are available for the youths; 24 per cent of Nigerians are unemployed; now, let’s move on to the youths; there is no rating available for that because there are so many jobless youths on the street. However, based on some facts, it can be estimated that 8% of youths under the age of 24 are unemployed. 500,000 job hopefuls were in a rush to apply for roughly 5,000 openings in Nigeria’s immigration agency in 2014, and 16 people were murdered in a melee. Unemployment is also one of the key causes of social vices in the country; even graduates have difficulty finding work.Education system
Students who attend tertiary education institutions are usually unemployed and depressed. Education in Nigeria is a major challenge. During their schooling, many Nigerian graduates did not learn practical skills. They were too absorbed in reading textbooks to see how what they had learned might be applied. They apply for jobs, but owing to a lack of credentials, they are not hired. The recurrent ASUU strike is another problem that has been plaguing the Nigerian education system.
Following other issues such as Boko Haram, infrastructure may appear to be a minor concern, but how can a country advance without a steady power supply? The power sector is crooked and mismanaged, and many personnel in the energy industry lack the necessary skills and training. Domestic output suffers as a result of these conditions, but frequent power outages also make it impossible for many international enterprises to do business in Nigeria. Nigeria is a third-world country year after year due to this issue.
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