Eating chocolate at least once a week helps cut the risk of heart disease, new research suggests.
Analysis of more than 330,000 participants found that eating chocolate more than once a week reduced the risk of developing coronary heart disease by 8 per cent when compared to those who indulged less often.
Researchers combined six studies to examine the association between chocolate consumption and coronary heart disease – a condition where the arteries become blocked by a build up of fatty substances, which has cause heart attacks.
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Author Dr Chayakrit Krittanawong, of Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, Texas, said: “Our study suggests that chocolate helps keep the heart’s blood vessels healthy.”
Researchers suggest that nutrients in chocolate, such as flavonoids, methylxanthines, polyphenols and stearic acid, may reduce inflammation and increase good cholesterol. But Dr Krittanawong added: “Moderate amounts of chocolate seem to protect the coronary arteries but it’s likely that large quantities do not. The calories, sugar, milk, and fat in commercially available products need to be considered, particularly in diabetics and obese people.”
Some 336,289 participants, from the United States, Sweden and Australia, reported their chocolate consumption for the six separate studies.
Participants had an average follow-up time of around nine years in the studies, which spanned the past five decades. The meta-analysis, published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology Research on Wednesday, found that 14,043 of the participants had developed coronary heart disease.
Compared with consumption less than once a week, eating chocolate regularly, more than once a week, was associated with an 8 per cent decreased risk of the condition, the authors report.
Limitations noted by the authors include different types of chocolate being consumed by participants, while lifestyle factors, such as exercise, were not adjusted for the studies. The analysis did not examine whether any particular type of chocolate is more beneficial, or whether there is an ideal portion size.Photo Credit: Getty